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Adjectives and Adverbs
Definition – Adjectives are words that describe nouns or pronouns. They might come ahead of the word they describe (This is certainly a cute puppy.) Or they may follow the expressed word they describe (That puppy is cute.).
Adverbs are words that modify everything but nouns and pronouns. They modify adjectives, verbs, as well as other adverbs. A word is an adverb if it answers how, when, or where.
The only adverbs that cause grammatical problems are the ones that answer comprehensively the question how, therefore we will focus on these.
He speaks slowly.
Answers the question how.
He speaks very slowly.
Answers the relevant question how slowly.
Generally, if a expressed word answers the question how, it really is an adverb. It, place it there if it can have an ly added to.
She thinks slow/slowly.
She thinks how? slowly.
She is a slow/slowly thinker.
Slow does not answer how so no ly is attached. Slow is an adjective here.
She thinks fast/fastly.
Fast answers the question how, therefore it is an adverb. But fast never has an ly attached to it.
We performed bad/badly.
Badly describes how exactly we performed.
A special ly rule applies when four regarding the senses – taste, smell, look, feel – will be the verbs. Do not ask if these senses answer fully the question just how to ly determine if should be attached. Instead, ask in the event that sense verb will be used actively. If so, utilize the ly.
Roses smell sweet/sweetly.
Do the roses essaywriter actively smell with noses? Continue reading “Essay writing guide. Adjectives and Adverbs”